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我国城市夜景照明规划设计的发展方向

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我国城市夜景照明规划设计的发展方向

发布日期:2019-12-19 作者: 点击:

       近年来,随着政府政策支持、社会资本参与、LED照明技术和控制技术的发展,城市夜景照明蓬勃发展。2016年的杭州G20峰会、2017年的厦门金砖五国会议、2018年的青岛上合峰会等大事件成为了城市夜景照明建设的重要引擎。与此同时,城市基础设施建设、城市夜游经济、特色小镇、“一带一路”、PPP模式等的发展也是城市夜景照明快速增长的重要推手。根据相关数据[1]显示,2017年半导体照明产业应用规模达到5037亿元,其中景观应用照明达到680亿元,预计整个“十三五”期间都将保持10%以上的增速。随着城市夜景照明建设的不断推进,夜景照明规划设计在城市照明建设中的地位也在不断凸显。

  1 城市夜景照明建设存在的问题

  DAGUIMODECHENGSHIYEJINGZHAOMINGJIANSHE,TEBIESHIYISHIZHENGGUANLIDANWEIWEIZHUDAODECHENGSHIZHAOMINGBIRANCHANSHENGYIXIEWENTI,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAI:

黑龙江快乐十分  YISHIGUIHUASHIJIANBIJIAODUAN,QUEFACHIXU、ZHANGYUANXINGKAOLV。JIBENSHIXIANGMUQIANQILUNZHENGSHIJIANXIANGDUIJIAOZHANG,DANJISHIGONGLIUCHUDESHIJIANTAIDUAN,QUESHAOJINGPINYISHI。RUSHAMENJINZHUANWUGUOHUIYIDEYEJINGZHAOMINGXIANGMUJISHIGONGFANGZHILIUCHULE45TIAN,YAOWANCHENGJIN20YIYUANDEXIANGMUGUIMOJIANSHE,SHIBIDUIXIANGMUDEZHILIANGHUICHANSHENGYIXIEYINGXIANG。

  二是“长官意识”比较明显,盲目上马或套用效仿其他城市夜景项目效果。虽然有些城市有专家论证,但最终还是由相关负责人拍板决定,从而导致建设效果、区域光环境和城市规划不统一、不协调、不和谐,缺乏整体性。

黑龙江快乐十分  SANSHIJISHUYINGYONGQIANPIANYILV,DAGUIMODIANGUANGYUANJIDAMIANJIJIANZHUDUOMEITIHUADEYINGYONG,CHENGSHIBIANWUTAI,LOUYUBIANDIANSHI,XIANZAIHENDUOCHENGSHIDOUJIANGHE、SHAN、JIANGHEYANJIANGDEJINGGUANYONGDENGGUANGDAZAOCHULAI,JICHENGSHIDAILAIYIDINGCHENGDUDEGUANGWURAN。

  SISHIQUEFAWENHUAHEDIYUTESE,ZHAOMINGJIANSHEPUBIANQUEFACHENGSHIGEXINGHETESE,“DIAN”(DIANGUANGYUAN)、“XIAN”(XIANTIAODENG、XIQIANGDENG)、“MIAN”(MEITIQIANG)DEDAGUIMO、PUBIANXINGYINGYONG,ZAOCHENGSHIJUEPILAO、“QIANCHENGYIMIAN”DEWENTI,BUNENGTUXIANCHENGSHIWENHUAHEDIYUTESE。RUTU1SUOSHI,CHENGSHIJINGGUANZHAOMINGDUOMEITILIMIANLIANDONGSHIMUQIANCHANGYONGDESHOUFAZHIYI,BUJINMEIYOUHENHAODEHONGTUOJIANZHU,DADAOJIANZHUYUJINGGUANDERONGQIA,YEMEIYOUTUXIANJIANZHUBENSHENDECHUANGYISHEJI,YEMEIYOUQIDAOMEIHUACHENGSHIDEZUOYONG,TONGSHIYEDAILAILEYIDINGCHENGDUDEGUANGWURAN。

image.png

  图1 城市夜景照明效果没有突出建筑特色

  ZHEIXIEWENTIHEYINYOUCONGGENYUANSHANGLAISHUOBULIYUZHENGGEXINGYEHECHENGSHIJIANSHEDECHIXUFAZHAN,YINGYINQIXIANGGUANBUMENDEGAODUZHONGSHI。CHENGSHIYEJINGZHAOMINGZAIQUANGUOBIANDIKAIHUADETONGSHI,ZHONGJIANQINGGUANWENTI、YONGDIANANQUANWENTI、JIENENGWENTI、SHENGTAIWENTI、GUANGJIANKANGWENTI、LANYONGJIGUANGDENGDENGWENTITONGYANGZHIDEWOMENGUANZHU。

  2 城市夜景照明建设的机遇与发展方向

黑龙江快乐十分  HAOWUYIWEN,GUIMORUCIPANGDADECHENGSHIYEJINGZHAOMINGSHICHANGBIRANHUIDUICHENGSHIYEJINGZHAOMINGJIANSHETICHUXINDEYAOQIU。WOMENYINGZHUAZHUJIYU,TUWEIERCHU,ZHONGSHIYEJINGZHAOMINGGUIHUAHECHUANGXINSHEJISHOUDUANDEYINGYONG,ZHUJIANZAIGEZIDEXIFENLINGYUZHANLUTOUJIAO。

  1)LIHAOZHENGCETUIDONGCHANYEFAZHAN。ZAIGUOWUYUANTICHUWUDAXINGFUCHANYEZHONG,LVYOUCHANYEHEWENHUACHANYEJUNWEILIEQIZHONG,WENLVCHANYEJIANGCHENGWEIWEILAIJINIANYEJIETOUZIYUGUANZHUDEREDIAN,YEJIANGJIZHAOMINGXINGYEDAILAIXINJIYU、XINTIAOZHAN、XINQUDONG[2]。SUIZHEYIPITESEXIAOZHENDEKAIJIAN,DASHANGPPPMOSHIDEYEJINGZHAOMINGCHENGWEIZHAOMINGYEJIEDEFENGKOU,BIJIANGTUIDONGZHAOMINGCHANYEXINYILUNDEBIANGEHEFAZHAN。

  2)YEJINGZHAOMINGJIANGTUXIANCHENGSHIWENHUA。CHENGSHIWENHUADETUIGUANGHEXUANCHUANSUIZHESHIDAIDEFAZHAN,QICHENGXIANDEFANGSHIYEXIANGZHEDUOYUANHUAFAZHAN,ERDENGGUANGWUYISHIZUIJUXIANDAIMEILIHETIXIANDEXINGSHI。DUIYUCHENGSHIYEJINGZHAOMINGERYAN,YONGHAOGUANGDEQIANTISHILEJIEHEBIAODACHENGSHIDESUQIUHEWENHUA,SHIHECHENGSHIDECAISHIZUIYOUTESEDE。YIGECHENGSHIWUFAFUZHIDEZHIYOUWENHUAHELISHI,YEJINGZHAOMINGGUIHUAYINGGAISHIYINCHENGERYI,ZAIDALIANGYOUXIAODEDIAOYANFENXIJICHUSHANG,TONGGUODUIZHENGGECHENGSHIWENHUAYUANSUDETILIAN,TUXIANCHENGSHIWENHUA。RUTU2SUOSHI,SHANGHAIWAITANJINGGUANZHAOMINGGAIZAOTISHENGGONGCHENGJIUHUODEYEJIEPUBIANZANYU,TIXIANLECHENGSHIGUIHUA、HUANJINGGUANLI、LISHIWENHUAYIJILVYOUGUANLIDENGGELINGYUZHISHIDEJIEHE,TIXIANLESHANGHAIZHEIZUOCHENGSHICHUANTONGYUXIANDAIDEJIAORONGSUOCHENDIANXIALAIDEQIZHI。

image.png

  图2 改造提升后的上海外滩建筑照明效果

黑龙江快乐十分  3)BIMIANDAGUIMOCHENGSHIYEJINGZHAOMINGJIANSHEHOUYIZHENG。YIQIANCHENGSHIGUANLIBUMENZHISHIGUANLIZHINENG,MEIYOUTOURUJIANSHE,XIANZAIDOUSHIZHENGFUTOURU,ZHENGFUYICIXINGTOURUZHIHOUJIUHUICUNZAIGUANYANGDEWENTI,2—3NIANHOURUGUOZAOCHENGCHENGSHIDAMIANJIDENGSHIXIAOHUAILEMEIRENWEIHUDEXIANXIANG,JIANGDUIZHENGGEXINGYEZAOCHENGBULIYINGXIANG。SUIZHEWEIHUZIJINCHENGBENDESHANGSHENG,YIDANXIANGMUCHUXIANLEWENTIERMEIYOUQUGENJINWEIHUDEHUA,DUICHENGSHIGUANLICENGYEHUIDAILAIHENDADEYALI,ZHENGFUYINGWEIYEJINGZHAOMINGSHEZHIZHUANKUANZHUANXIANG,FANGHUANYUWEIRAN,RUSHENZHEN、QINGDAO、HANGZHOU、JINAN、NANJINGDENGDIYIDUIJINGGUANZHAOMINGHOUQIDEDIANFEIHUOWEIHUFEIYONGSHISHIBUTIE,YEYOUCAIQUZHAOTOUBIAOFANGSHIQUEDINGWEIBAOQIYE,BIMIANJIANSHEHOUYIZHENG。

黑龙江快乐十分  4)YEYOUJINGJICUJINLEDKUAJIERONGHE。ZHAOMINGXINGYESUIZHELEDJISHUDEFAZHANFASHENGLESHENKEDEBIANHUA,TEBIESHIJINGGUANZHAOMINGYUWUTAIDENGGUANGDEKUAJIERONGHE,FUYULECHENGSHIYEJINGGENGFENGFUDUOCAIDEBIAOXIANXINGSHI,ZAITISHENGCHENGSHIYEYOUJINGJIFANGMIANFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。HENDUOLEDZHAOMINGCHANPINSHENGCHANQIYEYEKAISHISHUNYINGSHICHANGQUSHI,CONGDENGJUGONGYINGSHANGZHUANXINGWEI“ZHENGTIDENGGUANGJIEJUEFANGANZHUANJIA”,TIGONGCONGQIANQIDEDENGGUANGSHEJI、CHANPINYANFAZHIZAO、BIANCHENGKONGZHI,DAOHOUQIDEANZHUANGWEIHUDEYITIHUAFUWU,CUJINLELEDZHAOMINGDEKUAJIERONGHE。

黑龙江快乐十分  5)CHUANGXINTUIDONGYEJINGZHAOMINGZHANGYUANFAZHAN。WEILAIDECHENGSHIYEJINGZHAOMING,WUTAIKONGZHIJISHU、WULIANWANGJISHUJIDASHUJUDOUJIANGJIERU。YEJINGZHAOMINGWUTAIYISHUHUAYEYIRONGRUSHIMINHEYOUKEDEXIHAOHEXUQIU,TONGGUOWENHUAYUKEJISHOUDUANDEJIEHE,YISHUYUCHANPINDEJIEHE,DAZAOHUDONGDENGGUANGZHUANGZHI、DENGGUANGYINLEXIAOPIN、DENGGUANGYANHUA、3D、4D、5DJIDAXINGSHIJINGYANYIDENGGUANGXIUDENG,CHUANGXINYINGYONGXINXINGDENGGUANGKEJISHOUDUAN,YIZHIHUICHENGSHIHEWENHUALVYOUDENGZUOWEIYITUOJINXINGJIANSHEYUTISHENG,YOULIYUCHENGSHIYEJINGZHAOMINGZHANGYUANFAZHAN。

  6)BIAOZHUNTIXIDEJIANQUANHEGAIGEYOUZHUYUYEJINGZHAOMINGJISHUJIQIYINGYONGDEFAZHAN。BIAOZHUNKEYIGUIFANHECUJINJISHUFAZHAN,DANXIANSHIYOUYINWEIBIAOZHUNZHIDINGTIXIYUANYINWANGWANGZHIHOU。XIANZAIWOGUOZHENGCHUYUBIAOZHUNGAIGESHIQI,ZHENGFUGUANKONGDEBIAOZHUNBEIDINGYIWEIGUIFAN,ZHEISHIQIANGZHIXINGDEJISHUFAGUI,QITABIAOZHUNDEBIANZHIJIANGZHUBUFANGKAI,GULISHEHUILILIANGBIANZHIBIAOZHUN。ZHONGGUOZHAOMINGXUEHUIHEBUFENDIFANGZHAOMINGXUEHUIZAIBIAOZHUNBIANZHIFANGMIANYIYOULIANGHAODEKAIDUAN,YIJINGBIANZHILERUOGANXINGYEBIAOZHUN,YOUXIAOCUJINLEYEJINGZHAOMINGJISHUJIQIYINGYONGDEFAZHANHEYEJINGZHAOMINGZHILIANGDETISHENG。

  7)YEJINGZHAOMINGDEKUAISUFAZHANDUISHEJISHIQUNTITICHULEGENGGAOYAOQIU。ZAIWEILAIYEJINGZHAOMINGSHEJIZHONG,SHEJISHIYISHIYAOZHUZHONGSHEJISHOUDUANDEDUOYANGXING、CAIQUDUOZHONGFANGSHIJIYISHUHUADESHEJISHOUFA,RANGDENGGUANGNENGGOUZAIWOMENDECHENGSHIJIANSHEZHONGFAHUIGENGHAODEZUOYONG;ERSHIYAOXUEHUIWANSHUJU,SHEJIHEJINGYANYOUGUAN,YEHESHUJUFENXIYOUGUANXI,SHEJISHIYAOXUEHUIYONGSHUJULAIDAZAOXINYANGSHI,SHICHANPINBIANDEGENGCONGMING、GENGYOUXIAO、GENGFUHESHEJIYAOQIU;SANSHIYAOZUOHAOSHEJIGUANLI,YAOGUANZHUXIANGMUDEYUNYING,YIBIANGUANZHUCHUANGYI、XIAOGUOHESHEJIYAOQIU,YIBIANGUANZHUCHANPIN、CHENGBENHEANZHUANG;SISHIYAOZHUZHONGKUAJIERONGHE,ZHAOMINGSHEJISHIYINGHESHIJUEXITONGGONGCHENGSHI、WUMEIYISHULEIDESHEJISHIYIQIHUDONG、KUAJIERONGHE,CAINENGZUOCHUXIANGHANGZHOUG20FENGHUIQIJIANHANGZHOUYEJINGNEIYANGDUOMUDEZHUTIDENGGUANGXIU。

黑龙江快乐十分  8)CHENGSHIZHAOMINGJIANSHEHEGUANLIYAOZHANGXIAOHUA、ZHIDUHUA。2016NIANYILAI,CHENGSHIJIANSHEYIHANGZHOUG20FENGHUI、SHAMENJINZHUANWUGUOHUIYIHEQINGDAOSHANGHEFENGHUIWEIQIJI,JIAKUAICHENGSHIZHAOMINGYOUQISHIYEJINGZHAOMINGJIANSHE,YEJINGZHAOMINGYICHENGWEICHENGSHIDEJINMINGPIAN,YEJINGLVYOUPENGBOFAZHAN,GUANGDASHIMINYECONGZHONGSHOUHUI。DANSHI,CHENGSHIZHAOMINGSHESHIDEZENGJIA、YINGXIANGLIDEKUODA,YEDUICHENGSHIZHAOMINGJIANSHEHEGUANLITICHULEGENGGAODEYAOQIU,CHENGSHIYEJIANHUANJINGGUANLIDEZHANGXIAOHUA、ZHIDUHUAYECHENGWEIBIRAN。RUHANGZHOU、GUANGZHOU、SHANGHAI、SHAMENDENGDIZHIDINGLECHENGSHIJINGGUANJIANSHEXIZEHEGUANLIBANFA,YIFANGMIANSHIWEILETIANBUYOUGUANKONGBAI,WANSHANCHENGSHIZHAOMINGZHIDUTIXI,ZUODAOYIFAYIGUIJIANSHEGUANLI;LINGYIFANGMIANYESHIWEILEBAOZHENGRICHANGGUANLIHEWEIHUDEXUYAO,YOULIYUCHENGSHIZHAOMINGDEWEIHUHERICHANGYUNXING,BAOZHENGKECHIXUHUA。

  9)YINGZAOHEXIEGONGSHENGJIJIANKANGDERENJUGUANGHUANJING。“REN-GUANG-HUANJING”DEHEXIEGONGSHENGJIYINGZAOJIANKANGDERENJUHUANJING,SHIQUANXINGYEDEGONGTONGSHIMINGHEZEREN[3]。JINGGUOSHIJINIANDEFAZHAN,LEDZHAOMINGXINGYEYIJINGCONGDUIGUANGXIAO、JIENENGHECHENGBENDEZHUIQIU,SHANGSHENGDAODUIGUANGPINZHI、ANQUANHEJIANKANGDEGUANGHUANJINGDEXUQIU。YEJINGZHAOMINGJIANSHEZAIMANZUGONGNENGDINGWEIDEQIANTIXIA,YEZAITIXIANYIRENWEIBENDESHEHUILINIAN、JINGJIXIAOYIJIFUWUJIAZHI[4-6]。RUTU3SUOSHI,YEMUXIADENANJINGXUANWUHUSHIWOMENQIWANGKANDAODEHEXIEYIJUDECHENGSHIGUANGHUANJINGFENWEI。

image.png

  图3 夜幕下的南京玄武湖

  3 结语

黑龙江快乐十分  ZAIQUANQIUHUASHIDAIHE“YIDAIYILU”HONGDAGOUXIANGXIA,ZAIWOGUOCHENGSHIJIANSHECHENGXIANGAOSUZENGZHANGDETAISHIXIA,YOUHUAYEJINGZHAOMINGCHANYEBUJU、TISHENGPINZHI、FAZHANCHENGSHIJINGGUANZHAOMINGJIANSHEYIZHUJIANCHENGWEIDANGQIANCHENGSHIFAZHANDEXINDONGNENG。WOGUOZHENGFUBUMENYIBAMUGUANGJUJIAOZAICHENGSHIJIANSHEYUNYINGSHANG,JIANGYIQUANJUYANGUANG、GUOJISHIYE、JINGPINYISHIMOUHUACHENGSHIYEJINGJIANSHEDEFAZHANLANTUHEFANGXIANG。ZHONGGUOYICHENGWEIQUANQIUZUIDADEJINGGUANZHAOMINGSHICHANG,WOMENXIANGXINWEILAICHENGSHIYEJINGZHAOMINGZHONG“YONGGUANGCHUANGZAOJIAZHI”DEHUIHUANGSHIQIJIJIANGDAOLAI。

  参考文献

  [1]WULING.“SHISANWU”WOGUOBANDAOTIZHAOMINGCHANYEFAZHANZHANWANG[J].ZHAOMINGGONGCHENGXUEBAO,2017,28(1):V.

黑龙江快乐十分  [2]JIANGHAIYANG.WENLVCHANYEZHONGDEZHAOMINGXIANXIANGDESIKAO[J].ZHAOMINGGONGCHENGXUEBAO,2018,29(1):X.

  [3]HAOLUOXI.JIANKANGZHAOMINGYANJIUJUJIAO[J].ZHAOMINGGONGCHENGXUEBAO,2017,28(6):A.

  [4]XUDONGLIANG.ZUXIAZHIGUANG SHENGHUOZHIGUANG NIUDAIZHIGUANG-SHAMENZHONGDIANPIANQUYEJINGZHAOMINGGUIHUAJISHISHIDESIKAO[J].ZHAOMINGGONGCHENGXUEBAO,2017,28(5):13.

黑龙江快乐十分  [5]CHENGSHIZHAOMINGYUTESEJINGGUAN//ALADINGZHAOMINGCHANYEDIAOYANBAIPISHU.2018.

黑龙江快乐十分  [6]XIAOHUIQIAN.YEJINGZHAOMINGDEGUIHUAHESHEJI[J].JIANZHUKEXUE,1996(2):19.


黑龙江快乐十分      LAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOZHAOMINGWANG

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